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Omega 3 Natural Fish Oil Squalene - Deep Sea Shark Liver Oil Extract
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History & Discovery


History

Deep sea shark is the richest source of squalene in nature (Gopakumar,1997). In fact, the compound got the name squalene as it was identified from the oil of the deep sea shark belonging to the genus Squalus. The tropical deep sea shark (Centrophorus artomarginatus) contains as high as 80% squalene in its liver oil.

The ancient Shoguns of Japan found that it provides strength, vigour, energy, virility
and over all good health and called this very rare and precious extract as “Tokubetsu no Miyage” meaning “Special Gift”

•      The ancient Shoguns of Japan were the first to recognize the beneficial effects of        deep sea shark liver oil. They found that it provides strength, vigour, energy, virility        and over all good health and called this very rare and precious extract as        “Tokubetsu no Miyage” meaning “Special Gift”.

•      The Japanese fishermen of Suruga Bay in the Izu Peninsula, famous for shark        fishing called this elixir as “Samedawa” meaning cure-all.

•      The deep sea shark liver also was in use by the coastal people and fishermen of        Micronesia and they called it miracle oil.

•      The Spanish mariners called it “aciete de bacalao” or the oil of the great fish.

•      The Chinese ancient pharmaceutical book Honzokomuko also contains        references of the therapeutic uses of deep sea shark liver oil.


Discovery

The credit for discovery of squalene was given to Dr. Mitsumaru Tsujimoto, a chemist on oils and fats at the Tokyo Industrial Testing Station who reported in 1906 that certain shark liver oils contain a highly unsaturated hydrocarbon and is rich in energy. The sharks belong to the family squalidae and the compound was named squalene.




Given the roles squalene performs, in the human body, it is aptly referred to as
‘gift from sea’

•      But it was after several years, in 1936, that the structural formula of squalene        was elucidated by Paul Karrer, a Swiss Chemist working at Zurich University in        Switzerland.

•      Given the roles squalene performs, in the human body, it is aptly referred to as        ‘gift from sea’ (Farvin et al., 2009a).



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