During pregnancy, the volume of blood raises but the rate of blood flow from legs to the pelvis reduces. This results in increased pressure on the veins that lead to varicose veins. However, hormonal changes can also cause varicose veins. The elevated levels of progestin can cause the dilation or opening of the veins. Additionally, during pregnancy, the uterus exerts pressure on the inferior vena cava (the vein responsible for carrying blood from the legs and feet to the heart) which causes varicose veins.
Varicose veins are usually harmless, but they can be itchy and uncomfortable. They usually, disappear within three months to a year after the delivery of the baby.
Is It Possible to Control Varicose Veins Naturally During Pregnancy?
There are certain ways by which you can prevent or reduce the varicose veins:
- Avoid standing and sitting in the same position for long time.
- Avoid wearing heels.
- Do regular exercise. Ask your doctor about the safe exercises for you.
- Avoid wearing tights. Wear maternity support clothes.
- Raise your legs at regular intervals to improve blood circulation.
- Try to sleep on your left as this will ease the pressure on the inferior vena cava.
- Limit your salt consumption to avoid swelling of veins.
Are Varicose Veins During Pregnancy Can Be Serious?
Varicose veins can be itchy and painful. However, they are usually harmless. In some cases, varicose veins develop small blood clots near the surface of the skin. Then these veins may feel hard and rope-like. The area around these veins may become red, tender, or painful.
Consult your doctor immediately if clots appear as they can be serious. Sometimes the area around the clots may get infected, which may cause fever. You will require immediate treatment.
You must contact your doctor immediately in case:
- Any of your legs become swollen
- There are sores on leg
- The color of the skin around the vein changes