Cancer diagnosis includes:
Diagnose of cancer at an early stage can provide the best chance for a cure. Ask your doctor about the appropriate screening tests for you depending on your risk factors for cancer.
Cancer may be diagnosed by your doctor by using one or more approaches:
- Physical Exam: Doctor may examine the areas of your body for lumps, which may indicate the presence of a tumor. Also, your doctor looks for abnormalities like changes in skin color, which may indicate the occurrence of cancer.
- Laboratory Tests: Urine and blood tests may help the doctor to detect the abnormalities which may arise to the presence of cancer.
- Imaging Tests: Imaging tests such as computerized tomography (CT) scan help the doctor to observe the bones and internal organs in a noninvasive way.
- Biopsy: During a biopsy, a sample of cells is collected by the doctor for testing in the laboratory. In maximum cases, a biopsy is the only way to diagnose cancer.
Once a person is diagnosed with cancer, the doctor will work to verify its stage. Depending upon the stage of cancer, treatment options and chances for cure are determined.